Why do organisms grow old and die? What are the theories of aging? Does the Free Radical Theory of Aging still stack up? How do cells decide when to divide, differentiate or die? What factors accelerate the aging process? This essay takes a look at these issues and would thus be useful to students who want to know more about the processes that control cell death. The essay also documents the more extreme measures that some people have taken in the pursuit of eternal youth. There are many useful references to other pertinent work.