Xenophon
AUTHOR

Xenophon

Xenophon (/ˈzɛnəfən, -ˌfɒn/; Greek: Ξενοφῶν [ksenopʰɔ̂ːn], Xenophōn; c. 430 - 354 BC), son of Gryllus, of the deme Erchia of Athens, also known as Xenophon of Athens, was a Greek historian, soldier, mercenary, and student of Socrates. While not referred to as a philosopher by his contemporaries, his status as such is now a topic of debate. He is known for writing about the history of his own times, the late 5th and early 4th centuries BC, especially for his account of the final years of the Peloponnesian War. His Hellenica, which recounts these times, is considered to be the continuation of Thucydides' History of the Peloponnesian War. His youthful participation in the failed campaign of Cyrus the Younger to claim the Persian throne inspired him to write his most famous work, Anabasis.

Despite growing up in Athens and being an Athenian citizen, Xenophon is also associated with Sparta, the traditional enemy of Athens. His pro-oligarchic views, service under Spartan generals in the Persian campaign and beyond, as well as his friendship with King Agesilaus II endeared Xenophon to the Spartans, and them to him. A number of his writings display his pro-Spartan bias and admiration, especially Agesilaus and Constitution of Sparta. Other than Plato, Xenophon is the foremost authority on Socrates, having learned under the great philosopher while a young man. He greatly admired his teacher, and well after Socrates' death in 399 Xenophon wrote several Socratic dialogues, including an Apology concerning the events of his trial and death. Xenophon's works cover a wide range of genres and are written in very uncomplicated Attic Greek. Xenophon's works are among the first that many students of Ancient Greek translate on account of the straightforward and succinct nature of his prose. This sentiment was apparent even in ancient times, as Diogenes Laertius states in his Lives of Eminent Philosophers (2.6) that Xenophon was sometimes known as the "Attic Muse" for the sweetness of his diction.
Bio from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Photo by Scan by User:Gabor [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons.

Read more Read less
You're getting a free audiobook.
$14.95 per month after 30 days. Cancel anytime.

Best Sellers

    • The March of the Ten Thousand

    • By: Xenophon
    • Narrated by: Charlton Griffin
    • Length: 7 hrs and 32 mins
    • Unabridged
    • Overall
      4.5 out of 5 stars 552
    • Performance
      4.5 out of 5 stars 350
    • Story
      4.5 out of 5 stars 354

    The March of the Ten Thousand is one of the most admired and widely read pieces of ancient literature...

    • 5 out of 5 stars
    • An intelligent leader

    • By Benedict on 04-13-04

    Regular price: $19.95

    • Hellenica

    • By: Xenophon
    • Narrated by: Charlton Griffin
    • Length: 10 hrs and 59 mins
    • Unabridged
    • Overall
      5 out of 5 stars 8
    • Performance
      5 out of 5 stars 8
    • Story
      5 out of 5 stars 8

    The Hellenica is Xenophon’s continuation of Thucydides’ history of the Peloponnesian War, literally resuming from where the previous author’s history was abruptly left unfinished and narrating the events of the final seven years of the conflict and the war’s aftermath....

    Regular price: $24.95

    • Xenophon's Cyrus the Great

    • The Arts of Leadership and War
    • By: Larry Hedrick
    • Narrated by: Rory Barnett
    • Length: 6 hrs and 31 mins
    • Unabridged
    • Overall
      4.5 out of 5 stars 48
    • Performance
      4.5 out of 5 stars 43
    • Story
      4.5 out of 5 stars 44

    A new generation of listeners, including business executives and managers, military officers, and government officials, can now learn about and benefit from Cyrus the Great's extraordinary achievements, which exceeded all other leaders' throughout antiquity....

    • 5 out of 5 stars
    • Best leadership book that i have read or listened

    • By Bowers on 05-20-18

    Regular price: $19.95

    • The Persian Expedition

    • By: Xenophon
    • Narrated by: Pat Bottino
    • Length: 10 hrs and 5 mins
    • Unabridged
    • Overall
      4 out of 5 stars 51
    • Performance
      3.5 out of 5 stars 40
    • Story
      4.5 out of 5 stars 41

    Xenophon, after being exiled from Athens, spent the last years of his life hunting, writing, and recalling in his books the great days of the Persian expedition....

    • 3 out of 5 stars
    • did Stephen Hawking narrate this?

    • By Jack on 09-27-16

    Regular price: $20.97

    • The Memorable Thoughts of Socrates

    • By: Xenophon, Edward Bysshe (translator)
    • Narrated by: Nicholas Tecosky
    • Length: 6 hrs and 27 mins
    • Unabridged
    • Overall
      4 out of 5 stars 60
    • Performance
      4 out of 5 stars 51
    • Story
      4 out of 5 stars 53

    Xenophon was a Greek who admired and studied with Socrates....

    • 5 out of 5 stars
    • Philosopher, Soldier, Historian and Mercenary

    • By Darwin8u on 12-04-12

    Regular price: $19.95

    • The March of the Ten Thousand

    • By: Xenophon
    • Narrated by: Alastair Cameron
    • Length: 7 hrs and 54 mins
    • Unabridged
    • Overall
      5 out of 5 stars 13
    • Performance
      5 out of 5 stars 13
    • Story
      5 out of 5 stars 13

    The March of the Ten Thousand by Xenophon is an account of the Greek mercenary armies formed by Cyrus the Younger in an attempt to overthrow his brother, Artaxerxes II, with the purpose of gaining control of the Persian Empire....

    Regular price: $19.95

    • Hiero, or "The Tyrant"

    • By: Xenophon
    • Narrated by: Lambrini Lamprou
    • Length: 1 hr and 14 mins
    • Unabridged
    • Overall
      0 out of 5 stars 0
    • Performance
      0 out of 5 stars 0
    • Story
      0 out of 5 stars 0

    Xenophon was an ancient Greek philosopher, historian, soldier, and student of Socrates. In the dialogue between the poet Simonides and Hiero, tyrant of Syracuse, Xenophon discusses the burdens of being an absolute dictator and the superior happiness of the private individual....

    Regular price: $9.95

    • Anabasis: Das große Abenteuer des Griechen Xenophon

    • By: Xenophon
    • Narrated by: Alexander Senger
    • Length: 1 hr and 52 mins
    • Abridged
    • Overall
      0 out of 5 stars 0
    • Performance
      0 out of 5 stars 0
    • Story
      0 out of 5 stars 0

    Ein einzigartiger Einblick in die antike griechische Welt. Mit "Anabasis" bezeichneten die alten Griechen eine Reise weg vom Meer in das Landesinnere...

    Regular price: $12.49

Are you an author?

Help us improve our Author Pages by updating your bibliography and submitting a new or current image and biography.