Oscar Fingall O'Flahertie Wills Wilde was born in Dublin in 1854. He was educated at Trinity College, Dublin and Magdalen College, Oxford where, a disciple of Pater, he founded an aesthetic cult. In 1884 he married Constance Lloyd, and his two sons were born in 1885 and 1886. His novel, The Picture of Dorian Gray (1891), and social comedies Lady Windermere's Fan (1892), A Woman of No Importance (1893), An Ideal Husband (1895), and The Importance of Being Earnest (1895), established his reputation. In 1895, following his libel action against the Marquess of Queesberry, Wilde was sentenced to two years' imprisonment for homosexual conduct, as a result of which he wrote The Ballad of Reading Gaol (1898), and his confessional letter De Profundis (1905). On his release from prison in 1897 he lived in obscurity in Europe, and died in Paris in 1900.
Featured Article: Your Listening Guide to 19th-Century British Authors
From Gothic chillers to clever whodunits to trailblazing Romantic fiction, Britain in the 1800s was teeming with literary movements, milestones, and masterpieces. This era gave us the Romantic literary movement, serialized novels, Victorian Gothic literature, the rise of detective fiction as we know it, and so much more. Because of that, it can be hard to know where to begin. Here’s a guide to the best of the best Brit-lit listening gems.