The crew of a European ship discovers the utopian island of Bensalem, having gotten lost in the Pacific Ocean somewhere near Peru. The crew spend time learning about the ways of the people of Bensalem, a very chaste group of Christians. The most important part of the island is their university, a state-sponsored scientific institution known as Salomon's House. The narrator is chosen from amongst the crew to get a one-on-one explanation of the way their society works, and he learns about the various buildings and jobs that exist on Bensalem.
Sir Francis Bacon's The New Atlantis is a utopian novel about a mythical land called Bensalem, where the inhabitants live happily with the sciences. In The New Atlantis, Bacon focuses on the duty of the state toward science, and his projections for state-sponsored research anticipate many advances in medicine and surgery, meteorology, and machinery. Although The New Atlantis is only a part of his plan for an ideal commonwealth, this work does represent Bacon's ideological beliefs.
Sir Francis Bacon had a tremendous impact on science and philosophy during the scientific revolution in XVIIth-century England. He was the first to argue for a skeptical and methodical approach in science, based on careful observation of events in nature, and founded on induction. His work, firmly grounded in empiricism to prevent projection of one's preferred hypothesis, made him the father of scientific method. This was a groundbreaking turn of events at the time, and is still the basis of the scientific framework today.
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Pas de méthode scientifique moderne sans Sir Francis Bacon. Son œuvre s'inscrit dans le cadre de la révolution scientifique, qui prit son essor au XVIIe siècle en Angleterre et décida de toute l'évolution de la pensée philosophique et scientifique. C'est à lui que l'on doit l'idée d'une approche méthodique, fondée sur l'observation prudente des faits de la nature. Il fut le premier à défendre l'idée de l'empirisme comme base du travail scientifique, afin d'éviter la projection et les distorsions dues à une préférence pour l'une ou l'autre hypothèse.