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In this hour, a young man named Black Nature is one of the Sierra Leone Refugee All-Stars. He tells Anne Strainchamps how the group formed while fleeing from the brutality and bloodshed of their country's civil war. And we hear some of their music.
Next, Dwight Reynolds teaches Arabic Language at the University of California. He talks with Steve Paulson about the history of religious tolerance in Al-Andalus and how it was reflected in the music of Moorish Spain.
Then, Angelique Kidjo is "Africa's Diva" and its most celebrated female musician. She tells Steve Paulson that her native Benin is still at the heart of her music. Kidjo's latest album is called "Oyo."
After that, Essayist Beverly Lapp explains what "The Star Spangled Banner" means to her as a Mennonite.
Finally, Harvey Sachs is the author of The Ninth: Beethoven and the World in 1824. Sachs and Jim Fleming talk about Beethoven's political leanings and philosophical aspirations and how they're reflected in his last symphony. [Broadcast Date: July 29, 2011]