Queen Elizabeth I (1533-1603) ruled England from 1558 until her death in 1601. She was the daughter of Henry VIII and the lovely wife he beheaded Ann Boleyn. Elizabeth was under threat of execution by her sister Mary Tudor (daughter of Henry VIII and his first wife Catherine of Aragon who was Spanish born. Mary Tudor was a Roman Catholic while Elizabeth was a staunch Protestant in an era of religious conflict/.
In Dr. John Guy's new book "Elizabeth" he examines the last half of Elizabeth's long reign which has been dubbed by historians "The Elizabethan Age." What happened during her long reign is the subject of this well written popular history. The book also includes recently discovered papers and manuscripts written by Elizabeth and her contemporaries. Among developments in this great age:
a. The defeat of the Spanish Armada and eventual triumph over the Spain of Phillip II.
b. English exploration and the expansion of Empire led by such men as sea dogs Sir Walter Raleigh and Sir Francis Drake.
c. The squelching of several peasant revolts.
d. The execution of Mary Queen of Scots in 1587 a Roman Catholic rival of Elizabeth I.
e. The love life of the aging Elizabeth with courtiers such as the Earl of Essex.
f. Increase in commerce and trade grow greatly during her reign.
g. Plague and Deflation struck London and the English nation.
h. There were several conspiracies to assassinate Elizabeth but none succeeded.
Elizabeth was vain and often cruel. She was a learned woman reading deeply in the ancient world classics. .