As a young foreigner in Egypt, Joseph succeeded against overwhelming odds. Uprooted from his family in Canaan and sold as a slave in Egypt, he made the best of unpromising situations. Sold to Potiphar as a field hand, he worked diligently and soon became overseer of Potiphar's entire estate. Though innocent of any wrongdoing, Potiphar's wife accused him of attempted rape, and Potiphar threw him into a prison house.
James and Jude had not been disciples, but were educated by those that followed Moses law. Jesus appeared to James after his resurrection. That was when James completely believed this man he had grown up with was really the son of God. Jude calls himself the brother of James.