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The Selfish Gene | [Richard Dawkins]

The Selfish Gene

Richard Dawkins' brilliant reformulation of the theory of natural selection has the rare distinction of having provoked as much excitement and interest outside the scientific community as within it. His theories have helped change the whole nature of the study of social biology, and have forced thousands to rethink their beliefs about life.
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Publisher's Summary

Richard Dawkins' brilliant reformulation of the theory of natural selection has the rare distinction of having provoked as much excitement and interest outside the scientific community as within it. His theories have helped change the whole nature of the study of social biology, and have forced thousands to rethink their beliefs about life.

In his internationally best-selling, now classic, volume, The Selfish Gene, Dawkins explains how the selfish gene can also be a subtle gene. The world of the selfish gene revolves around savage competition, ruthless exploitation, and deceit, and yet, Dawkins argues, acts of apparent altruism do exist in nature. Bees, for example, will commit suicide when they sting to protect the hive, and birds will risk their lives to warn the flock of an approaching hawk.

©1989 Richard Dawkins (P)2011 Audible, Inc.

What the Critics Say

"Dawkins first book, The Selfish Gene, was a smash hit.... Best of all, Dawkins laid out this biology - some of it truly subtle - in stunningly lucid prose. (It is, in my view, the best work of popular science ever written.)" (H. Allen Orr, Professor of Biology, University of Rochester, in The New York Review of Books)

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  •  
    Gary Las Cruces, NM, United States 05-22-12
    Gary Las Cruces, NM, United States 05-22-12 Member Since 2015

    Letting the rest of the world go by

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    "Still relevant after all these years"

    Author states that any philosophy of man's place in the universe before Darwin's 1859 "Origin of Species" will be incomplete. The book fully supports that statement. His metaphors for understanding genes and evolution are the best you'll ever come across. He explains the science so that even I can understand it.

    I warn you, if you listen to this Dawkins book, you will listen to all of his others. I have and I am much wiser for it.

    4 of 5 people found this review helpful
  •  
    dws1999 06-17-15
    dws1999 06-17-15
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    "Fascinating and well read!"
    Would you recommend this audiobook to a friend? If so, why?

    Definitely. Richard Dawkins is certainly one of the most interesting figures in modern biology. His ideas are revolutionary, and everyone should be introduced to them. Dawkins is very skilled at making complex ideas understandable!


    What did you like best about this story?

    Well, it is about life, about us, about where we came from and why we are here. Fascinating. You won't see the world in the same way after digesting this book.


    What about Richard Dawkins and Lalla Ward ’s performance did you like?

    It was very helpful to have a different voice for the foot/end notes.


    1 of 1 people found this review helpful
  •  
    Douglas 06-13-15
    Douglas 06-13-15 Member Since 2012
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    "Fantastic production"

    Every Dawkins audiobook I've listened to has been exceptionally well produced and this is no exception. He takes the time to rearrange and add to the text to better fit the audio format, make it comparatively easy to follow, and include additional updates. The book itself is an absolute must listen for anyone with even a passing interest in the history of life on our planet.

    1 of 1 people found this review helpful
  •  
    Justin OKLAHOMA CITY, OK, United States 05-12-15
    Justin OKLAHOMA CITY, OK, United States 05-12-15 Member Since 2012
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    "How can a science book be this captivating?"

    This is one of those rare science books that seems to be accessible to both the scientifically literate and (most) laymen. I'm very familiar with physics, and had reasonable understanding of evolutionary principles, but I never fully understood the mechanism by which evolution works. I didn't think I'd be all that excited about genetics itself, but I found myself positively captivated. It may take a full book to detail its effects and expressions in a complex world, but it's thrilling to learn just how simple of a mechanism genetic evolution truly is at its core.

    Dawkins' writing is characteristically eloquent, and his narration matches the writing style. Note that he narrates in tandem with his wife. It's a little jarring the first few times the voice switches, but you quickly get used to it.

    I've listened to several others of Dawkins' books, but so far none have matched The Selfish Gene in revelatory and explanatory power. I've listened through two or three times, and recently bought it in print to examine the theory at my own pace. Trust me, this is one book you won't regret spending time on!

    1 of 1 people found this review helpful
  •  
    Neuron Sweden 09-27-14
    Neuron Sweden 09-27-14 Member Since 2015

    Family father, neuroscientist, and non-fiction audiobook addict.

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    "A Masterpiece"

    I can't remember how but when I was 16 I came across this book and it changed my life. The title of Dawkins biography is "An appetite for wonder", and this appetite is no where more apparent than in this book (I have read most of his books). It is a wonderful introduction to the theory of evolution by natural (and sexual) selection, behavioral ecology, and the wonders of nature. At the same time it serves as a terrific example of first rate scientific reasoning. The writing is clear and fluid and extremely elegant. In his autobiography Dawkins admits that every sentence has been rewritten multiple times. Those that have survived this selection process really deliver. Every sentence seem to fill a purpose and yet, rarely does one feel that information is in some way lacking. This book, when it came out in the late seventies, influenced the general public and academics alike. It changed how academics thought about genes and evolution, and it introduced the meme, which has subsequently entered our dictionaries.

    As I have said elsewhere, this book really is a literary masterpiece. The fact that it also teaches science to the reader is an added benefit that makes this book one of the best and most important ever written.

    The book has a very good structure. At no point does it feel as if new concepts are introduced inappropriately. Dawkins begins by slowly and carefully introducing the replicator concept. In the widest sense a replicator is, as the name implies, something that replicates itself. This can be a mineral shape, a computer virus or a molecule such as RNA or DNA. It is inevitable that a replicator that produce more copies or copies that are more durable will become more prominent in the population. And so it is with our genes. The genes that exist in humans that are alive today are descendents of a very long series of genes that outperformed other genes. To achieve this success the genes have used many different tricks. Primary among these is cooperation with other genes to construct vehicles such as a plant or an animal that can both protect the genes and pass them on. Humans are thus "merely" vehicles created by genes for the benefit of genes (though in another sense we are of course much more than that).

    Dawkins carefully builds from this starting point and reaches startling conclusions about many different aspects of nature and evolution. Why did sex evolve and why do the different sexes differ to a greater or a lesser extent in different species? Why are males in general more aggressive? Why do we cooperate? Does altruism exist? How did sterile ants evolve? Whatever he is discussing, Dawkins always provides illustrative examples from nature and when he use metaphors he is (unlike many others) always careful to translate those metaphors back into the language of replicators. The Selfish Gene also derives some of its fame from the fact that it introduced the meme concept. A meme, Dawkins suggested is like a gene in that it can replicate itself, typically via language or imitation. Successful memes (think viral youtube clips) will spread throughout population of less successful memes in the same way that successful genes spread, however, for memes the sexual reproduction of its host matters little. Rather, the success of a meme is determined by its ability to make its host share the idea with others. The meme concept is now in most dictionaries.

    Throughout the book Dawkins is careful to point out that even though we are products of evolution and as a result have many instincts that are not always very noble, that does not mean that it is in anyway good or moral to follow ones evolutionary inclinations. Indeed if we understand human instincts we may be better able to construct societies that combat our caveman instincts.

    1 of 1 people found this review helpful
  •  
    Kali Walnut Creek, CA 05-20-14
    Kali Walnut Creek, CA 05-20-14 Member Since 2014
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    "Mind-bender for those unfamiliar with the science."

    If you have difficulty comprehending complicated subjects on audio, this may be one best left to reading. If you can absorb science through listening, then this is one of those crucial listens, which may drastically change your perspective of the world if you are unfamiliar with Dawkins or his work.

    There are very incredible topics here that people just normally don't discuss and think about, like that we are all "survival machines" designed to allow our genes to replicate. The last few chapters were especially interesting, as meme has now become such a famous word used for internet phenomenas, and Dawkins coined the word here for culturally-catching trends like fashion, melodies or song lyrics, etc. The last few chapters take the concepts he's been working with the whole book so far that I felt they were tickling the very back of my brain. He talks of how genes can be seen as not modifying only the bodies they are in but their external environment as well, if I understand correctly, in the last chapter, and this made me go "Oh my."

    The most delightful part of the audiobook was the narration. The text of the book itself, which was originally published in 1976, is narrated by the soothing, concise, and English-accented Lalla Ward. But as there have been subsequent versions of the book released with Dawkins noting further revelations and thoughts and responding to his detractors, he narrates the countless footnotes and endnotes, choosing to narrate them throughout the book when they are relevant rather than at the end for ease of comprehension. The effect is as if Dawkins himself is constantly popping into your mind as you are reading his book, arguing with those who have spoken out against it and defending it when necessary. It was a very entertaining way to do things.

    1 of 1 people found this review helpful
  •  
    david chesapeake, VA, United States 05-04-14
    david chesapeake, VA, United States 05-04-14 Member Since 2015

    A fellow listener inclined to share my opinion on these productions. Maybe even inspire someone toward a powerful, or educational audiobook!

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    "A Fine Vintage"

    This was an amazing read. In this 30 year revision he has added many footnotes and a marvelous introduction! If you have read earlier versions of this book you will be impressed at the additions; well worth it!

    1 of 1 people found this review helpful
  •  
    Barry Petaluma, CA, United States 07-14-13
    Barry Petaluma, CA, United States 07-14-13 Member Since 2008

    My interests run to psychology, popular science, history, world literature, and occasionally something fun like Jasper Fforde. It seems like the only free time I have for reading these days is when I'm in the car so I am extremely grateful for audio books. I started off reading just the contemporary stuff that I was determined not to clutter up my already stuffed bookcases with. And now audio is probably 90% of my "reading" matter.

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    "ESSs and Survival Machines and Memes"

    Some science books have one or two key ideas but then resort to padding or rehashing to flesh out the rest of the book. This isn't one of those. Dawkins starts off with a premise about how the proper unit of evolutionary study is the gene rather than the organism, and then goes on with one fascinating topic after another, all designed to show how how the behavior patterns that exist today are the ones that outcompeted their rivals. Outcompeting is a misleading word here. Dawkins himself struggles with this point over and over. It's not that genes are consciously competing with each other. It's that behaviors that are less successful at propagating genes get squeezed out over time. One of his key examples is Evolutionary Stable Strategies (ESSs) where he shows how competing strategies often end up in some kind of optimal mix. His book is full of interesting examples and illustrations to support his ideas, some of which he acknowledges as speculative. I will not comment on all of them here. A good chunk of the end of the book is devoted to a deep analysis of The Prisoner's Dilemma. I hadn't thought of that as anything other than a cute logic puzzle, but Dawkins persuades me that it has extraordinary significance for competing behaviorial traits and societal development in general. I have to point out that this is also the book where Dawkins invented the idea of the meme. His discussion about memes as a kind of meta-gene with its own plane of existence emerging out of our own consciousness is as fascinating as anything else in this book.

    I had not realized this book came out all the way back in 1976. I am glad he was able to revise it. And I am glad that the revisions were grafted on in the way they were. Leaving in the outdated portions and commenting on them in footnotes was enlightening. Other portions have simply been added to reflect new information in this extremely fast-moving subject area.

    Dawkins is a tolerably good reader, and so is his wife, Lalla Ward. However, there were many times that I wish they had used a single, professional reader to record this book. I had to slow this book down a bit just because Dawkins's articulation is just a shade too muddied for clear understanding, or maybe I'm just getting old. Despite having been a fan of Romana (Lalla Ward's character on Doctor Who), her alternations with her husband sound a bit jarring and prissy. (And if you're a current Doctor Who fan, I should clarify that I'm talking about the Tom Baker era.)

    3 of 4 people found this review helpful
  •  
    john Battery Point, Australia 01-25-13
    john Battery Point, Australia 01-25-13 Member Since 2014
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    "Required"
    Where does The Selfish Gene rank among all the audiobooks you’ve listened to so far?

    Top 10


    If you were to make a film of this book, what would be the tag line be?

    "Who's driving this bus"


    Any additional comments?

    Having the footnotes and extra comments read by Ward was a highly effective way of keeping track of which idea stream we are in. A good idea very effectively implemented.

    5 of 7 people found this review helpful
  •  
    michael EAST PEORIA, IL, United States 01-15-12
    michael EAST PEORIA, IL, United States 01-15-12 Member Since 2014

    vancholland77

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    "The most important book I've ever read"

    Well, I don't exactly know how to describe this book. It's profundity is beyond anything I am capable of putting into words. I basically had to listen to it two times because I needed to rewind it in order to grasp all of the rather complex ideas being shot out. I would say that I have an okay grasp of biology, but there are a whole lot of concepts that require a double take or a double listen because all of the ideas are so important. I must say however that if I had tried to read the book, I probably wouldn't have finished it because there are some boring and complex components, and I don't do all that well with reading stuff compared to listening. I would have fallen asleep after reading for five minutes. But it would be nice to have a picture reference for some of the stuff in the book. Maybe a 16 hour video narrative of the book with computer graphics demonstrating all of the concepts like the game theory stuff that would be appropriate and really help to understanding everything contained within this book. That would be a project. Heck that could comprise a college course on this subject. Really, to deeply understand all of the concepts that are touched on in this book you would probably need a college course or two on every chapter.

    When I listened I got a sense of the rightness of evolutionary theory. This is why the book was so profound and life changing for me. The idea that life has evolved one little molecule at a time. Every little molecular change of a protein segment of DNA has caused the world to be what it is, is a profound idea, and this book explains this idea and all of the corresponding evidence so well that the truth becomes almost undeniable.

    I don't know whether God exist or not. After reading this book a person comes to seriously doubt the existence or need for God. I don't suppose it really matters. The whole paradigm of the gene being the final determinant and driving force of life on earth simply is too good of an idea, as if there was any such thing, and in that sense the gene in all of its selfishness is God, but once the idea of a selfish gene takes hold of a persons mind it doesn't let go. That is why I say that this is the most important book I have ever read.

    7 of 10 people found this review helpful
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  • Rainer
    7/24/15
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    "Fantastic book!"

    This is one of the best audio books I've listened to so far. Dawkins and Ward read very clearly and make it easy to listen to the book forever. The arguments in this book are very elaborately explained and comprehensible to a mortal human. I also loved that Dawkins explains what he does not mean by XYZ, it made it even more comprehensible. Sometimes I thought that references were slightly confusing, but this may be due to the fact that I had a couple of days break between listening sessions, maybe if you listen more frequently you'll remember all the arguments supported by the references.

    I definitely would recommend this audio book!

    0 of 0 people found this review helpful
  • A Webb
    UK
    7/6/15
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    "Fantastic"

    The book itself is incredibly informative and well written. The audio adaptation is a quality production as you might expect.

    0 of 0 people found this review helpful
  • Claude Schmit
    4/2/15
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    "Recommended"

    A wonderful text, a pleasure to listen to. Dawkins shows his in depth understanding of evolutionary biology and manages brilliantly to convey its wonders to the listener

    0 of 0 people found this review helpful
  • Rick Keys
    4/1/15
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    "Excellent"

    Great start to finish. Interesting, approachable and well performed. I will be getting further books by Dawkins.

    0 of 0 people found this review helpful
  • S. Jenö
    Budapest, Hungary
    6/11/14
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    "impressive"

    It was an essential book, when it came out first, and thanks to the careful rewrites of the new editions, it's still on the top. If everyone would understand it, the world would be a better place. Or at least it would be well understood.

    2 of 2 people found this review helpful
  • Balor of the Evil Eye
    Éire
    2/14/14
    Overall
    Performance
    Story
    "An engaging portrait of our fundamentals!"

    This updated edition of The Selfish Gene showcases much of what people love and hate about Richard Dawkins' preferences when presenting his theses. An unquestionably solid empirical approach to explaining his theory of the form, function and dissemination of genes tainted in part by a somewhat arrogant demand that you either accept his conclusions or admit that you are at best being obtuse, or at worst, a religious zealot.
    Interesting examples are presented to assist the listener understand how genes move down through the generations, perhaps the most interesting are those that detail why certain genes proliferate and others fall away as they engage in a possibly hopeless mission to achieve a stable evolutionary strategy.
    Undoubtedly the best explanation of gene theory I've encountered thus far.

    The narration performance by Dawkins and Ward is quite good and logically implemented.

    I have bought other Dawkins audiobooks, this is probably the most satisfying.

    2 of 3 people found this review helpful
  • Rob
    Hornchurch, United Kingdom
    12/14/13
    Overall
    Performance
    Story
    "A great read for biology students"
    Would you listen to The Selfish Gene again? Why?

    Brilliantly written and easy to understand


    What was one of the most memorable moments of The Selfish Gene?

    The subtle humour mixed with inspiring knowledge of the world.


    What does Richard Dawkins and Lalla Ward bring to the story that you wouldn’t experience if you had only read the book?

    Keeps my attention longer.


    Did you have an emotional reaction to this book? Did it make you laugh or cry?

    Yes


    Any additional comments?

    No

    0 of 0 people found this review helpful
  • Florence
    UK
    4/13/13
    Overall
    "You will not be disappointed"

    If you're like me...

    I've always wanted to 'have' read this book but I'm realistic and know what I'm like nowadays. It's a long book but in this format it's brilliant, I can listen whilst doing other things.

    It's fascinating and thought-provoking although at the same time just so obvious. It's almost as though I suspected as much all the time but just needed to have the science explained to me, but I guess I'm saying that with hindsight...

    I think the main thought that I will take away from this book is that we as humans are continually struggling with our 'instincts' - for better or worse.

    An excellent book.

    Thank you Richard Dawkins.

    0 of 0 people found this review helpful
  • Julian
    Surrey, United Kingdom
    4/7/13
    Overall
    "An insight into the world of DNA"

    A brilliant read which comes highly recommended and will illustrate the complicated world of genes to the listener. This book can be intense and full of scientific terms, with some chapters adopting a monotone and dragging into what may feel like reading an actual science textbook but clearly a great effort has been made to explain genes, evolution and the theories outlined and explained by Richard Dawkins in laymans terms.

    A must read for everyone who seeks to understand their nature and the world around them better.

    0 of 0 people found this review helpful
  • James
    Wakefield, United Kingdom
    12/29/12
    Overall
    "Each to his own format...."

    I think this is a tremendously important book, and everyone should own it. But I'm just not sure that it is suited to the audiobook format. Some of the concepts can be quite complicated and I prefer to have a book in my hand when I feel the need to re-read something a couple of times... You are perfectly entitled to disagree and if you think you can digest a reasonably complex layman's book on science via audio then go for it.



    However, I'm also not a fan of Lalla Ward's contributions. I find her more of a hindrance to understanding than a help (especially in 'The God Delusion' where a second voice was meant to clarify the narrative).



    My advice to people is to actually buy the book physically, or as an eBook... sorry audible ;p

    3 of 6 people found this review helpful

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