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The Map That Changed the World: William Smith and the Birth of Modern Geology | [Simon Winchester]

The Map That Changed the World: William Smith and the Birth of Modern Geology

In 1793, William Smith, the orphan son of a village blacksmith, made a startling discovery that was to turn the science of geology on its head. While surveying the route for a canal near Bath, he noticed that the fossils found in one layer of the rocks he was excavating were very different from those found in another. And out of that realization came an epiphany: that by following these fossils one could trace layers of rocks as they dipped, rose and fell, clear across England and clear across the world.
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Publisher's Summary

In 1793, William Smith, the orphan son of a village blacksmith, made a startling discovery that was to turn the science of geology on its head. While surveying the route for a canal near Bath, he noticed that the fossils found in one layer of the rocks he was excavating were very different from those found in another. And out of that realization came an epiphany: that by following these fossils one could trace layers of rocks as they dipped, rose and fell, clear across England and clear across the world.

Obsessed with creating a map that would showcase his discovery, Smith spent the next twenty years traveling England alone, studying rock outcroppings and gathering information. In 1815, he published a hand-painted map more than eight feet tall and six feet wide. But four years later, swindled out of his profits, Smith ended up in debtors' prison. His wife went mad. He lived as a homeless man for ten long years.

Eventually a kindly aristocrat discovered him; Smith, the quiet genius and 'father of geology' was brought back to London and showered with the honors that he rightly deserved. Here now is his astounding story.

©2001 Simon Winchester; (P)2003 HarperCollinsPublishers, Inc.

What the Critics Say

"Winchester is a fine stylist who also has a fine, clear reading voice. He fully engages listeners, not only with the excitement of Smith's life and work, but even with geological explications that would have been pretty dull in science class." (Publishers Weekly)
"It's an authoritative delivery and an enjoyable experience." (AudioFile)
"This is just the kind of creative nonfiction that elevates a seemingly arcane topic into popular fare." (Booklist)
"Winchester brings Smith's struggle to life in clear and beautiful language." (The New York Times Book Review)

What Members Say

Average Customer Rating

4.0 (322 )
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4.3 (142 )
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Performance
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  •  
    reggie p PA 04-19-05
    reggie p PA 04-19-05 Member Since 2003

    reggie

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    "Geology made interesting"

    This was actually a biography of William Smith and a very interesting story. I've had difficulty getting through some other geology books, but wanting to fill a gap in my education, I tried this one. It was a winner. Besides geology, it contained a lot of interesting British History and showed the dark side of human behavior. I will probably have to Google stratigraphy to better learn the names of the rock layers, but the book was motivating and enjoyable wheather or not you are into rocks.

    14 of 14 people found this review helpful
  •  
    Jody R. Nathan Tulsa, OK USA 11-09-04
    Jody R. Nathan Tulsa, OK USA 11-09-04 Member Since 2002
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    "Who knew rocks could be so deceptive?"

    The story of the self educated man who made the first real geological map of Britain, and how he was ruined by the greed of those who sought the title of geologist without getting their hands dirty. I think, however, this might be improved by actually being able to see the maps discussed. It would be nice if one could actually get some of the illustrations or photos or whatever in the audible versions.

    9 of 9 people found this review helpful
  •  
    Katherine 08-30-08
    Katherine 08-30-08
    HELPFUL VOTES
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    "Quite a ripping yarn!"

    My first Winchester book, and it has led me to a happy and edifying series of nonfiction titles. I found it difficult to follow in print, but read aloud, it became so interesting that I've listened to it three times. So far. Each time another element becomes clearer, whether it's the class insouciance of hereditary privilege, or the riveting biography of Smith, or the extent of the changes wrought by Smith's three dimensional brilliance.

    Winchester's vocabulary is extensive and humbling, and his reading is exemplary. I will probably listen again.

    6 of 6 people found this review helpful
  •  
    Lee 03-08-08
    Lee 03-08-08
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    "Another great Simon Winchester!"

    I greatly enjoyed this book. Winchester is a fantastic writer, and is one of the few people that actually do a decent job reading their own work. He does go off on tangents, and is a bit redundant, probably so you can remember where he left off when he gets back from his little sidetrips, but I enjoy most of his diversions so I don't mind.

    Fun for fans of history, geology and geography, and just plain good writing!

    6 of 6 people found this review helpful
  •  
    Ben BELLINGHAM, WA, United States 10-10-12
    Ben BELLINGHAM, WA, United States 10-10-12 Member Since 2005

    Ben ji

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    "An amazing book!"
    What made the experience of listening to The Map That Changed the World the most enjoyable?

    Who would have suspected that a book telling the story of the birth of geology as a science in England would be so fascinating and full of intrigue and drama! This was a thoroughly enjoyable experience, well written and beautifully presented. Clearly the author has a feel for the subject matter and presents it with charm and style.


    What other book might you compare The Map That Changed the World to and why?

    If you like history and science, just about anything that answers the question; how did this get started will do. Audible science offerings are full of books like this.


    Which character – as performed by Simon Winchester – was your favorite?

    William Smith of course!


    Was this a book you wanted to listen to all in one sitting?

    Yes in terms of being able to maintain my interest. But I found myself listening to some chapters over just to enjoy the story and writing more.


    Any additional comments?

    I suppose it takes a certain leap of faith to listen to a book about geology. But really...this is good stuff. Interesting and even exciting.

    2 of 2 people found this review helpful
  •  
    andrew Bountiful, UT, United States 07-14-12
    andrew Bountiful, UT, United States 07-14-12
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    "Long, Better as an Article than a book"

    I've read all of Winchester and if you love geology, this may be the book for you, but as I told some friends, a book that uses the word chromo-stytography can only be so entertaining. This keeps turning over the man's personal life and you get a biography that feels stretched. The book is also fattened with a long interview at the end about other books by the author. So its thinner than you think, and should be thinner still. I don't think there was a book here though I learned something and the story is fascinating, but it should be a section in another longer work, not its own stand-out.

    2 of 2 people found this review helpful
  •  
    W. Rodger Gantt 08-25-06 Listener Since 2004
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    "Where Do Fossils Really Come From?"

    As a youth, William Smith wondered where fossils really came from. The common belief was that God grew them in the rocks to demonstrate His omnipresence. Smith’s search for more mechanical origins gave birth to the science of geology.

    “The Map that Changed the World” by Simon Winchester, chronicles Smith’s life as geology’s first hands-on scientist. Born in England in 1769, Smith came from a yeoman’s background. The diligent youth acquired the skills to become a land surveyor so as to earn a living while studying the earth’s geology. Smith was an excellent geologist but a poor businessman and eventually ended up in debtors’ prison.

    But persistence paid off in the form of Smith’s series of handsome, geological maps of England that conveyed his understanding of fossils and the geological strata in which he found them. This knowledge paved the way for such greats as Richard Owen, who coined the term dinosaur, and Charles Darwin.

    Simon Winchester, his own reader, does an excellent job of describing not only Smith’s life but also such things as how debtors’ prisons worked and how Smith created his maps. This book is for those interested in the history of science in its sociological context.

    8 of 10 people found this review helpful
  •  
    Andy Westport, CT, United States 02-06-09
    Andy Westport, CT, United States 02-06-09 Member Since 2002
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    "first rate"

    Simon Winchester pulled together a ton of interesting information and weaved it into a fascinating story of how the Oxford English Dictionary came to life. Beyond the facts, the language he uses and his terrific narration make this audiobook first rate.

    4 of 6 people found this review helpful
  •  
    SMcN Bellingham, WA USA 05-03-10
    SMcN Bellingham, WA USA 05-03-10
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    "Not Much Here"

    If you hope to learn anything about geology or scientific method, this is not the book for you. This book limits itself to the life and trials of William Smith, and delivers its message in a dry, 3rd person list of events. Even the "map" and Smith's innovations in developing it, are mentioned only in generalities, with no little discussion of how they were developed or the context of science at the time. Very disappointing.

    3 of 5 people found this review helpful
  •  
    Gaius Lafayette, IN, United States 03-13-13
    Gaius Lafayette, IN, United States 03-13-13
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    "Enjoyable"

    I enjoy the history of the earth and the history of societies and this book encapsulates the two rather well. You get a good idea of the time which Smith lived, the ideas that abounded, and the man himself. William Smith reminds me a bit of Tesla in that he was a brilliant, eccentric man who was ambitious, but for some reason didn't finish things that could have solidified his career. Other books will do better to describe in detail the history of the earth via stratigraphy, but few will paint a better picture of how it was dicovered. It's just too bad WIlliam Smith wasn't a better diarist because it would have allowed Winchester to offer more from the mind of a man who's thoughts seem to be as hidden as the fossils he helped to unearth. A nice compliment to this book would be Alan Cutler's "The Seahell on the Mountaintop".

    0 of 0 people found this review helpful
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