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Did Jesus Exist?: The Historical Argument for Jesus of Nazareth | [Bart D. Ehrman]

Did Jesus Exist?: The Historical Argument for Jesus of Nazareth

Large numbers of atheists, humanists, and conspiracy theorists are raising one of the most pressing questions in the history of religion: "Did Jesus exist at all?" Was he invented out of whole cloth for nefarious purposes by those seeking to control the masses? Or was Jesus such a shadowy figure - far removed from any credible historical evidence - that he bears no meaningful resemblance to the person described in the Bible? In Did Jesus Exist? historian and Bible expert Bart Ehrman confronts these questions, vigorously defends the historicity of Jesus, and provides a compelling portrait of the man from Nazareth.
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Publisher's Summary

Large numbers of atheists, humanists, and conspiracy theorists are raising one of the most pressing questions in the history of religion: "Did Jesus exist at all?" Was he invented out of whole cloth for nefarious purposes by those seeking to control the masses? Or was Jesus such a shadowy figure - far removed from any credible historical evidence - that he bears no meaningful resemblance to the person described in the Bible?

In Did Jesus Exist? historian and Bible expert Bart Ehrman confronts these questions, vigorously defends the historicity of Jesus, and provides a compelling portrait of the man from Nazareth. The Jesus you discover here may not be the Jesus you had hoped to meet - but he did exist, whether we like it or not.

©2012 Bart D. Ehrman (P)2012 HarperCollins Publishers

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  •  
    Jacobus Johannesburg, South Africa 07-17-12
    Jacobus Johannesburg, South Africa 07-17-12 Member Since 2009

    When I drive, I read... uhm listen. I like SciFi, Fantasy, some Detective and Espionage novels and Religion. Now and then I will also listen to something else.

    HELPFUL VOTES
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    "Vintage Ehrman"

    By now Bart D. Ehrman, lapsed Evangelical Christian turned Agnostic with Atheist undercurrents, is well-known and well established as a populariser of 19th and 20th century critical Bible scholarship. In "Did Jesus exist?" Ehrman again brings the insights of critical scholarship to the table to engage (not with Evangelical Christians) but with Mythicists (atheists holding the believe that Jesus didn't exist) on the question of how historical Jesus Christ really was. Did he really exist or was he made up?

    In my opinion Ehrman does a good job of confirming that Jesus was a real man of flesh and blood that lived in the first century C.E. He argues from a modernist historical perspective and makes a convincing argument that there are enough "reliable" sources to attest to a historical Jesus.

    After he looked at some of the evidence for Jesus' existence he analyses some of the commonest arguments of leading mythicists. He convincingly shows that this group of people has an agenda that clouds good scholarship. He offers a convincing rebuttal for all their major arguments against Jesus.

    He then offers a scholarly reconstruction of Jesus and offers a comfort prize to the Mythicists, the Jesus of the Christian Church doesn't completely correspond with the real Jesus. He illustrates by bringing together the different earliest sources that has been identified from the gospels that Jesus was an apocalyptic prophet of his time.

    Some of this may sound familiar, if you have read or listened to Ehrman previously. There are quite a lot of data and information that has been presented in different packages in his previous books.

    One thing that bothered me a bit about Ehrman's reconstruction of the historical Jesus, was his insistence that Jesus didn't refer to himself when he spoke of the "son of Man." There is definitely not scholarly agreement on this theory and it is still hotly debated. Ehrman presents it as a well-known scholarly fact.

    While this book repeats various of his arguments from previous books, it is still a worthwhile book. Ehrman is known for following his arguments through. This book is a must for anyone that is not convinced that there lived a historical Jesus.

    Walter Dixon narrated the book superbly. He might become synonymous with Ehrman's future audio books.

    One thing about the production that was bothering is that to the end one or two chapters of the book is repeated. This is probably the case due to a bad cut and past job.

    This is vintage Ehrman, excellent but with a much needed acquired taste!





    19 of 21 people found this review helpful
  •  
    David Port Charlotte, FL, United States 09-10-12
    David Port Charlotte, FL, United States 09-10-12 Member Since 2005
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    "Jesus Did Exist, But Not the Jesus We Expected"
    What did you love best about Did Jesus Exist??

    The author followed the evidence wherever it led. He was very convincing and his arguments were clear.


    What three words best describe Walter Dixon’s performance?

    The reader did a fine job. However, 30+ minutes were inexplicably repeated near the end, which was quite jarring. I was not sure where the repeat ended and the new material began. That is why I did not give the performance a higher rating.


    Any additional comments?

    Although Ehrman concludes that a historical Jesus did live and was crucified by Pilate, he also concludes that this Jesus did not espouse many of the things we have been taught. For example, Ehrman concludes that Jesus was a Jewish apocalyptic who believes the Kingdom of Heaven would arrive in his lifetime, and so urged people to forsake their families and livelihoods in preparation. This is not the Jesus who values marriage and the family.

    I am glad that I heard this side of the story.

    5 of 5 people found this review helpful
  •  
    aussieGeorge68 Sydney Australia 07-25-12
    aussieGeorge68 Sydney Australia 07-25-12
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    "Jesus, a Jewish Apocalyptic preacher."

    In this book Dr Ehrman with some (but in my view not compelling) success tries to argue that Jesus did exist as a man and was executed as apposed to the view common amongst some groups of atheists that Jesus (man, god or both) was simply a myth and never existed at all.

    The first argument presented is that the vast majority of biblical scholars believe that Jesus existed falls particularly flat, there has been many times in many fields where the vast majority of scholars in a field have been found to be wrong. Its an unhelpful argument and should have been left out.

    Dr Ehrman calls those who don't believe Jesus existed in any physical form Mythicists. While I think the book succeeds in disposing many of the arguments of the Mythicists, it does not present any compelling arguments in the other direction. In the end no significant proof is presented that Jesus did exist other than the biblical sources. While Dr Ehrman presents some very good analysis of the biblical sources and makes a good argument as to the more historically plausible sections, at the end of the day one has to rely on the flawed and biased biblical sources as proof Jesus existed.

    Based on this evidence, my opinion is that Jesus probably existed, but I am far from certain. After listening to this book I am actually less certain than I was, I was shocked by the lack of non-biblical references to Jesus in material dating to the first century.

    Where this book shines however is Dr Ehrman's argument of Jesus as a Apocalyptic preacher similar to John the baptist. Its a well thought out argument and the most plausible argument as to who and what Jesus was I have heard. If you have read or listened to Dr Ehrmans other books and are short on time, I would suggest skipping to the final few chapters.

    13 of 15 people found this review helpful
  •  
    G-Man 07-16-12
    G-Man 07-16-12
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    "Ehrman is not an agenda-bender."
    Any additional comments?

    I've 'read' all of Bart Ehrman's audiobooks plus his lecture series offered elsewhere and viewed his Youtube lectures because the subject matter is interesting and entertaining.
    The premise of this book is the least interesting to me because I already believe that Jesus did exist in the flesh.So this is preaching to the choir.
    I did not enjoy the book at first for that reason, but in the usual Bart way it still hooked me -though it took longer. Ehrman responds to many writers -point by point- who don't believe Jesus really existed. His own belief is that a man named Jesus did exist and this is pretty much the view of biblical scholars.
    I read a criticism that this book dismisses writers who are outside of academia and that those inside academia would not be there if they did not believe Jesus existed. So they are all biased. This is true. True in the same way that academic biologists all believe in evolution and are biased against creationism.
    After discussing and refuting many of the arguments that Jesus was just a fabrication, and many of the beliefs held in that era, then we get back onto familiar turf with discussions of contextual criticisms, sources and a final look at what Jesus may have been like and actually said. (The good stuff).
    The contextual criticism is covered in many other Ehrman works of course, but I still got quite a bit from this because one does not absorb it all the first time if one is not taking notes and reviewing it.
    The principle discussion was informative too. It discussed what we know about Jesus and informed me of the arguments others make about Jesus being a fabrication along with many of the curious beliefs of that period which I did not know. If you like to hear about the early Jesus movement, this is more Ehrman gold, though not completely new. That is fine by me. What I really like about the writer is his scholarship and his pursuit of the truth no matter where it leads. The book comes across as a logical, fully informed work that doesn't have a particular agenda. Ehrman is not an agenda-bender.That is worth so much in learning about Jesus and why I like his work so much.

    22 of 27 people found this review helpful
  •  
    Michael Springfield, OH, United States 08-28-12
    Michael Springfield, OH, United States 08-28-12 Member Since 2010
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    "Erudite, thoughtful [as always], and well read"

    Point 1 - it isn't a 'story' but I gave it 5* anyway! Perhaps this shouldn't be mandatory because there is a lot of non-fiction here [thankfully!].

    As an atheist who has believed for a very long time that Jesus was an actual person who did have quite a bit to say [or is said to have had] about the human condition it was nice to read a well researched [as always with this author] explanation that clarified my ideas. I suppose he was starting with a 'believer' so my enjoyment of the book was probably a 'slam dunk' anyway. What impressed me even more was the way in which the argument was explained always using examples from known texts. Using comparisons and a clear path of argument to enlighten the reader. I am slowly reading all of Bart Ehrman's books and, so far, I think this is the one I enjoyed [and understood] more than any other. This later fact was also down to the sympathetic reading which was clear, concise, and very easy on the ear. I shall look for this Narrator in the future.

    A good introduction into Bart Ehrman's works and a very interesting book which is highly recommended to any person interested in the man which changed the world.

    2 of 2 people found this review helpful
  •  
    yael 08-06-12
    yael 08-06-12 Member Since 2011

    I Think Therefore You Are.

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    "a great read for the atheist christophiles.."

    the author addresses all the issues which touch upon the question, but also explains why they are (or arn't) important. both mythicists views and the life of Jesus, the jewish apocalyptic preacher are explored, and it was scholarly enough to get me reading more. i wish the "works cited" of the book was also available somewhere for further reading.

    2 of 2 people found this review helpful
  •  
    Paul Plympton, Australia 07-29-12
    Paul Plympton, Australia 07-29-12
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    "Popular history by a first class scholar"
    If you could sum up Did Jesus Exist? in three words, what would they be?

    Thorough, informative, entertaining


    What did you like best about this story?

    Dr Ehrman knows his stuff, and lays out the facts clearly. He is respectful to his opponents, but he has the authority of scholarship behind him. The book is far from dry, as he writes in a similar style to a news article.


    What about Walter Dixon’s performance did you like?

    The narration was clear, and had enough change in pitch and intonation to give the illusion that I was reading a novel.


    Was this a book you wanted to listen to all in one sitting?

    I found myself going back to this book instead of the novel I was reading concurrently.


    Any additional comments?

    I can't wait for his next book on why Jesus came to be regarded as God.

    2 of 2 people found this review helpful
  •  
    Tom St. Cloud, MN, United States 10-25-12
    Tom St. Cloud, MN, United States 10-25-12 Member Since 2012

    Postal Clerk @ Waite Park MPC.

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    "A book for Atheists and religious alike to read."
    What made the experience of listening to Did Jesus Exist? the most enjoyable?

    Dr. Bart Ehrman has done his home work on this book. Reading it really brought out many of my beliefs and changed a few of them.


    What about Walter Dixon’s performance did you like?

    Mr. Dixon has a voice that is easy to listen to. He came through loud and clear on my MP3 player while I listened at work.


    If you were to make a film of this book, what would be the tag line be?

    A simple and thought provoking look at a man that was made into a God.


    Any additional comments?

    Christians must remove their God glasses to really understand what the book says to us.

    1 of 1 people found this review helpful
  •  
    brian United States 09-18-12
    brian United States 09-18-12 Member Since 2012
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    "Beyond Interesting!"
    If you could sum up Did Jesus Exist? in three words, what would they be?

    Insightful, balanced, authoritative


    What was one of the most memorable moments of Did Jesus Exist??

    Well, it's not a story. I think the timeline of New Testament authors and their influences upon one another were very well documented and explained. I really appreciated the author's creation of context in terms of the languages, customs, and circumstances (political, military, etc) of the times.


    Which character – as performed by Walter Dixon – was your favorite?

    Not really applicable to this type of treatise.


    Was this a book you wanted to listen to all in one sitting?

    No, I liked to take my time with it and listen and re-listen to the variety of teaching points made. Would love to take a course from this guy.


    Any additional comments?

    This is an interesting and compelling argument that furthers one's understanding of the historical Jesus. Terrific job of being respectful to opinions and positions of others on this subject. As a practicing Catholic, in no way did this book diminish my faith or enthusiasm .... indeed it deepened both. Great documentation and use of logic and reason and a good example of historical research methods as well. Just a treat. Congratulations to the author and all who choose to read this. Wise choice.

    This level of scholarship is sorely needed in our divinity schools in this country.

    1 of 1 people found this review helpful
  •  
    Anja Schmidt Denmark 11-12-13
    Anja Schmidt Denmark 11-12-13 Member Since 2006

    k11923

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    "Very interesting"
    Would you listen to Did Jesus Exist? again? Why?

    No. I got the message.


    What was one of the most memorable moments of Did Jesus Exist??

    No particular moment.


    Have you listened to any of Walter Dixon’s other performances before? How does this one compare?

    No.


    If you were to make a film of this book, what would the tag line be?

    Did Jesus Exist?
    Is Christ a made-up figure?


    Any additional comments?

    Interesting. I never knew, there was really so much evidence to be found.

    0 of 0 people found this review helpful
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  • Graham
    Dublin 6W, Ireland
    4/13/13
    Overall
    "Excellent historical scholarship"

    This is an excellent book. The author's analysis of a complex and controversial subject is clear and well balanced. He presents and objectively weighs the available historical evidence for the existence of Jesus, and concludes - convincingly in my opinion - that such a person really did exist in the early part of the first century CE.

    As a former student of history at university, I particularly liked the part of the book where he set out and explained the investigative methods historians of ancient history use. It was a very easily understandable summary and may be a help to anyone starting to study historical source material. It was also useful to see those methods applied to the case in point.

    I would certainly recommend what I found to be a thought provoking and easy to listen to book to anyone interested in the biography of Jesus or the study of history more generally.

    5 stars.

    Graham

    1 of 1 people found this review helpful
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