Philosophy is the analysis of the categories in terms of which we understand the world. Analytic philosophy is simply philosophy that is pursued with a high degree of awareness of what philosophy is. Contrary to what Wittgenstein alleges, analytic philosophy is not linguistic philosophy; for it is only to the quite limited extent that meaning-analysis takes the form of sentential analysis that the latter falls within the bailiwick of analytic philosophy. Nor, contrary to what Quine alleges, is analytic philosophy "scientific philosophy", if, by "scientific", is meant "empirical"; for philosophy, like mathematics, is a normative discipline, whose concern is what empirical science must assume and therefore cannot itself analyze.
After establishing these two points, this work proceeds to scrutinize some disastrously misconceived views, all due to Wittgenstein. Special attention is paid to Wittgenstein's picture-theory of meaning and to the meaning-nihilism with which Wittgenstein eventually replaced the picture-theory. It is shown that, even though these theories are superficially antithetical to each other, they both rest on the same erroneous foundational assumptions and are both equally, completely antithetical to the truth. It is then shown that, as Wittgenstein suspected but failed to prove (even though his suspicions were based on an article of Russell's in which it was all but proved), no language can contain its own truth predicate. Ironically, so it is also shown, this very fact is incompatible with logical positivism, which, if Wittgenstein contributed anything to analytic philosophy, was his one and only such contribution. Logical positivism is carefully considered and shown to be false for many reasons, some of them technical, some of them substantive. An affirmative answer is put forth to the logical positivist's question "under what circumstances is a statement meaningful?"
©2016 John-Michael Kuczynski (P)2016 John-Michael Kuczynski
Kuczynski is a great author on philosophy and I love to read his books . However, the audio quality of this book was not good and I would like to recommend on this.
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