Thinkers have been fascinated by paradox since long before Aristotle grappled with Zeno's. In this volume in The MIT Press Essential Knowledge series, Margaret Cuonzo explores paradoxes and the strategies used to solve them. She finds that paradoxes are more than mere puzzles but can prompt new ways of thinking. A paradox can be defined as a set of mutually inconsistent claims, each of which seems true. Paradoxes emerge not just in salons and ivory towers but in everyday life. (An Internet search for "paradox" brings forth a picture of an ashtray with a "no smoking" symbol inscribed on it.) Proposing solutions, Cuonzo writes, is a natural response to paradoxes. She invites us to rethink paradoxes by focusing on strategies for solving them, arguing that there is much to be learned from this, regardless of whether any of the more powerful paradoxes is even capable of solution.
Cuonzo offers a catalog of paradox-solving strategies - including the preemptive strike (questioning the paradox itself), the odd guy out (calling one of the assumptions into question), and the you can't get there from here (denying the validity of the reasoning). She argues that certain types of solutions work better in some contexts than others and that as paradoxicality increases, the success of certain strategies grows more unlikely. Cuonzo shows that the processes of paradox generation and solution proposal are interesting and important ones. Discovering a paradox leads to advances in knowledge: New science often stems from attempts to solve paradoxes, and the concepts used in the new sciences lead to new paradoxes. As Niels Bohr wrote, "How wonderful that we have met with a paradox. Now we have some hope of making progress."
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I am not a fan of philosophy texts for the most part, but I enjoyed this book. It gets to the point quickly and then gives examples to illustrate, then expounds on the place of paradox in history and society. So it gets to 'the meat' quickly and then the 'exposition' after without wasting time building up the case before it's been stated. A well organized audiobook that gets one thinking about an overlooked topic.
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