In this book Shorto brilliantly shows how this argument first started with Descartes and how his ideas (and bones) have remained central to this theoretical struggle for over 350 years.
On a brutal winter's day in 1650 in Stockholm, Frenchman Rene Descartes, the most influential and controversial thinker of his time, was buried after a cold and lonely deathfar from home. Sixteen years later, the pious French Ambassador Hugues de Terlon secretly unearthed Descartes' bones and transported them to France. Why would this devoutly Catholic official care so much about the remains of a philosopher who washounded from country after country on charges of atheism? Why would Descartes' bones take such a strange, serpentine path over the next 350 years - a path intersecting some of the grandest events imaginable: the birth of science, the rise of democracy, the mind-body problem, the conflict between faith and reason?
The answer lies in Descartes' famous phrase: cogito ergo sum. "I think therefore I am." This quote from his work Discourse on the Method, destroyed 2,000 years of received wisdom by introducing an attitude of human skepticism towards ideas of medicine,nature, politics and society. The notion that one could look to provable facts, and not rely on the Church's teachings and tradition, was one of the most influential ideas in human history, ultimately creating the scientific method and overthrowing religion asprevailing truth.
Descartes' Bones is a fascinating narrative - both macro and micro history in one - that twists and turns up to the present day.
©2008 Russell Shorto; (P)2008 Recorded Books, LLC
This is an engaging account of history and science, but at heart it's a work of philosophy. Shorto calls Descartes the "father of modernity". He starts by asking the question what it means to be modern, and spends most of the book developing his answer. The title "father of modernity" is for pioneering the separation of science from religion--in establishing experience and observations as valid bases for making conclusions about reality, separate and apart from wisdom received from either the Bible or the Scholastics.
Yet Descartes was very religious, and he tried to create a separate sphere for it in the mind/body dualism. Shorto characterizes much of Western history since Descartes as various attempts to find balance between the secular and spiritual worlds both individually and socially.
Despite the West's more than 350 years' experience trying to find such a balance, we are still searching, and we still have extremists who believe no such balance is possible. Other cultures, particularly the Muslim world, have not had that experience--have not even begun the search. Shorto believes that the Muslim world's lack of such a search is at the root of much of the West's difficulty dealing with Islamic extremism.
At the individual level, Shorto reaches the same conclusion as did Descartes: that the connection between the secular and spiritual--how mind and body relate--what makes each of us unique--what might even be called the soul--is the heart, also known as passion and emotions.
Shorto does a good job posing questions and challenges and using Descartes' bones for historical illustrations. The answers are not fully developed, making the book more of a personal statement than a full-fledged argument, and challenging the reader or listener to develop his or her own answers.
Prior to this book, Descartes was, to me, a great mathematician and theorist, I did not have any idea of the influence his thinking had on the development of world view and the scientific method. There was so much great information in this book that I listened to it twice. The narrator was great and the twists and turns of history were well explained. I am sure that the material could have easily covered several volumes.
For those interested in history and the history of science, this is a great book.
I was so enthralled by Hecht's narration I had to buy the text. I both listened, and then read what I'd listened to, because I couldn't get enough. Undoubtedly the best nonfiction read I've had this year, bar none.
Well, you don't have to be a philosopher to enjoy and gain from this book. Shorto provides a review of Descartes' work, places it in historical context, and follows the mystery of Descartes' bones over tha past three centuries.
One could suggest that the focus of the book as not really on the story of the philosopher's remains and that might be true. However, it is the common thread that holds other discussions together.
This book is well written, well read by Paul Hecht and well worth the listener's time. Those who never read philosophy or history will still benefit. It answers many questions we have about how the political world is working today.
I enjoyed this book a lot. It is a nice balance between the non-scientific history of the era and the broad impact Descartes had on the development of science and our approach to understanding the world
Why the US revolution and the French Revolution were different, although part of a general movement toward democracy. Europeans were and still are more secular. It all started with Decartes.
I wish that Descartes' Bones had greater density of information. Shorto goes on at great length "reciting" dialog from primary sources. The players were interesting to be sure, however, the detail included interferes with the broader point. I feel this book was interesting, but could have been distilled to two hours -- thereby eschewing mind-numbing dialog and retaining a focus on the Faith vs. Reason theme that holds so much promise.
I feel this book was interesting, but could have been distilled to two hours -- thereby eschewing mind-numbing dialog and retaining a focus on the Faith vs. Reason theme that holds so much promise.
I would have limited his focus on detail to that which pushes forward the thesis of the book.
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