The magnum opus and latest work from Svetlana Alexievich, the 2015 winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature - a symphonic oral history about the disintegration of the Soviet Union and the emergence of a new Russia.
When the Swedish Academy awarded Svetlana Alexievich the Nobel Prize, it cited her for inventing "a new kind of literary genre", describing her work as "a history of emotions - a history of the soul". Alexievich's distinctive documentary style, combining extended individual monologues with a collage of voices, records the stories of ordinary women and men who are rarely given the opportunity to speak, whose experiences are often lost in the official histories of the nation.
In Secondhand Time, Alexievich chronicles the demise of communism. Everyday Russian citizens recount the past 30 years, showing us what life was like during the fall of the Soviet Union and what it's like to live in the new Russia left in its wake. Through interviews spanning from 1991 to 2012, Alexievich takes us behind the propaganda and contrived media accounts, giving us a panoramic portrait of contemporary Russia and Russians who still carry memories of oppression, terror, famine, massacres - but also of pride in their country, hope for the future, and a belief that everyone was working and fighting together to bring about a utopia. Here is an account of life in the aftermath of an idea so powerful it once dominated a third of the world.
A magnificent tapestry of the sorrows and triumphs of the human spirit woven by a master, Secondhand Time tells the stories that together make up the true history of a nation. "Through the voices of those who confided in her," The Nation writes, "Alexievich tells us about human nature, about our dreams, our choices, about good and evil - in a word, about ourselves."
©2016 Svetlana Alexievich (P)2016 Random House Audio
"For her polyphonic writings, a monument to suffering and courage in our time." (Nobel Prize Committee)
"For the past 30 or 40 years, [Alexievich has] been busy mapping the Soviet and post-Soviet individual, but [her work is] not really about a history of events. It's a history of emotions...a history of the soul." (Sara Danius, permanent secretary of the Swedish Academy)
"Secondhand Time [is Alexievich's] longest and most ambitious project to date: an effort to use an oral history of the nineties to understand Soviet and post-Soviet identity." (The New Yorker)
"Russia cannot be understood with the mind alone,
No ordinary yardstick can span her greatness:
She stands alone, unique –
In Russia, one can only believe." - Fyodor Tyutchev
Russia and the spirit and soul of the Russians are very complex at times to foreign minds. My fiance was Russian and left me with so many headaches often trying to understand why she would think a certain way, or always become pessimistic. With this in mind I looked at this book as a way to understand the great change that faced Russia most recently, the collapse of the USSR, the Rise of the Oligarchs, and the Chechen war.
Svetlana Alexievich does a great job of fairly capturing the tragic stories of people from the rural parts to the cities, the staunch communist and the budding democrat and the shock of losing all that they had believed in and worked for during the USSR. Combine this with a growing population ready for freedom but naive and uneducated in what to do in the wilderness of capitalism and tragedy and chaos ensues.
This book is dark and sad. At times, really dark and sad! You visualize the despair and disillusionment as you see another parent drink themselves to death, another wife/husband murdered, a mother telling that she will rejoin her child staying with her aunt hours before jumping in front of a train. You see the depths of depravity as a union of connected countries forced to be brothers are set free and true feelings explode. Through it all, through the carelessness, you see the strength of the Russian soul to persevere through any tragedy, to die before submitting, to dampen desires for love at times, and at times throw their entire family away for a new love. The Slavic soul and spirit is complex and bewildering at times, but this book does a wonderful job of providing context.
For anyone with any interest in Russian/USSR history, interest in learning about the people and culture, or just interest in understanding human psychology at the extremes of hardship, I cannot recommend this book enough!
Is there a better writer out there today than Svetlana Alexievich? You'd be hard pressed to find one. "Secondhand Time" is her finest work yet, an absolute masterpiece that more than explains how Alexievich walked away with the most recent Nobel Prize for Literature. And what better way to experience "Secondhand Time" than here. No, there is no better way. This is one of the best audiobooks you'll ever listen to!
if you want something to challenge your views on people, nations, religion or politics then this is a book for you. I felt sad when I finished work
this book - because I missed listening to people's stories. stories that one would never hear unless this book was here.
it is raw - it takes some time to understand how it is structured. but it is easy enough to get into.
it gives one a perspective on why Russia and former Soviet union states are what they are. it demonstrates where they come from. what it means to be ex Soviet. identity crisis, horrors of the gulag, being just happy with the ex status quo. it is a piece of political science, oral history and literature. it gives an insight, it gives us a chance to understand. but also, makes the foreign very close to us and human.
This was totally different from my expectations, but it ended up pretty interesting, even so. Settle in for a LOT of testimonials discouraging you from ever wishing you'd lived/live in Russia! It's an unbelievable catalog of horror stories.
One master-passion in the br east, like Aaron's serpent, swallows all the rest. A. Pope
"I follow the Moskva
Down to Gorky Park
Listening to the wind of change."
Scorpions, Wind of Change, 1990.
This book was a brass-knuckles punch to my arrogant American belief that all Russians and Eastern Europeans welcomed capitalism with open arms. This is the incinerating oral history of the the ursine Soviet Union and Eastern Bloc from 1991, the time of perestroika, until 2012. The author is Svetlana Alexievich, the 2015 Nobel Laureate in Literature from Belarusia. It was published originally in 2013, but translated into English only this year.
The oral history is split into two different periods: first from 1991 to 2001 as the transition from Communism was occurring, and from 2002-2012, which shows, I think, the reverberations of the transformation and transition. This book hits full-throttle from page 1 and is unrelenting until the last page. I've never read anything like it. It's a raw raising of the Iron Curtain to stories of the violence, the attempt to overthrow Gorbachev by the old line communists, suicides and rapes. The first part was taken down while some of the old communists who lived under Stalin were still alive and includes a few jarring jeremiads to solidarity, Lenin, Stalin, and the communistic ideal of heaven on earth.
An example of one of the old Bolsheviks: "You have your own utopia. The market. Market heaven. The market will make everyone happy. Pure fantasy. The streets are filled with gangsters in magenta blazers, gold chains hanging down to their bellies. Caricatures of capitalism. A farce. Instead of the dictatorship or the proletariat, it's the law of the jungle. Devour the ones weaker than you and bow down to the ones who are stronger."
Both parts tell of all the problems in the transition without any planning. People starving. Former Communist apparatchiks who were esteemed scientists who now are unemployed and homeless. Complete overhauls to a way of living from the overnight move from communism to a capitalism-based economy. I plan to read this again because there was so much to digest; the author calls this form of oral history "snatches of street noise and kitchen conversations." I was shocked, for example, to learn of how much the ones interviewed hate Gorbachev now, though they supported him in the early 1990s.
This was like a Thunderbolt thrown into my routine reading. A stunning book that should probably be required reading in any history/civilization type of course.
There is not a single good Russian in this book. They are either murderers, coward victims, sneaky traitors, and plenty of stupid manipulated people. Sickening and cheesy forged testimonies loking for western approval. If you are a narrow minded ultra right wing this is your book. Svetlana Alexieva knitted this book while thinking in the Nobel Prize. Terrible book, horrendous overdramatic readers.
I loved that there are more than 1 voice. I think some stories are heart breaking but good to hear. It is definitely worth your time but not an easy "read" so to speak.
was eleven or perhaps twelve years old when I learned that ignorance is no excuse for anything.
That revelation completely changed the way I viewed the world. I ran to my parents, separately, I remember, my eyes wide. I said to each of them, “Ignorance is no excuse!” It won’t save anyone from the repercussions of whatever they are ignorant of. You can die as a result of ignorance or you can participate in something evil as a result of ignorance.
As I remember it, my parents did not say anything. There is much I would think as a result of my eleven-year-old coming to me with such a revelation, and I am not sure I would know what to respond, either. But it was a big moment, and it came from reading a novel.
Now I wonder which novel gave me such an insight, but I cannot remember. I was an ordinary schoolgirl, with no special access to literature. I read too much, my sisters said, and most of them were bodice-rippers…
This book reminds me of that moment of realization. The insights into what man is and how he responds to national, political, and personal trauma come fast and hard in this work. Alexievich begins by recording voices from the Gorbachev years: “Those were wonderful, naïve years…” Both for and against Gorbachev, the voices record people’s naiveté. They had an excuse, the lack of reliable, comprehensive news coverage being one of them, but it would not save them from their future nor their past.
There is simply nothing to compare with this fabulous reconstruction of the lives of people under communism and after. Alexievich records the stories of people under the dictatorship of the people, and there is so much nuance, so much pain, fear, crazy love, faith, and delusion tied in with people’s understanding of those years that it becomes as clear a record of what humanity is that we have.
“Changing the nature of man” was on the table. From the sounds of some voices, it succeeded on every measure. But if nature can be changed, we question again that "nature." Naomi Klein tells us man is not hopelessly greedy but it is hard to see that when greed is rewarded and protected. The Soviet Union, Russia, has gone through enormous social upheaval in the last one hundred years, and Alexievich manages to give us a window through which we can begin to see what happened to people. It is breathtaking.
Among the voices are ordinary folk, high Kremlin officials, members of the brigades who spent their days shooting “enemies of the people.” We see what they were thinking at the time and what they are thinking now. Because governance the world over has many similarities, constraints, and imperatives, everyone who can read should see how governance actually plays out, no matter what we believe.
Alexievich has taken memory and made literature. For me, it will be one of the most meaningful books I have ever come across.
Paints a stunning portrait of the rage, disorientation, ethnic conflict and criminality in post Soviet Russia that make the appeal of a thuggish strong man like Vladimir Putin comprehensible.
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