Robert Lustig’s 90-minute YouTube video Sugar: The Bitter Truth has been viewed more than two million times. Now, in this much anticipated book, he documents the science and the politics that has led to the pandemic of chronic disease over the last 30 years.
In the late 1970s when the government mandated we get the fat out of our food, the food industry responded by pouring more sugar in. The result has been a perfect storm, disastrously altering our biochemistry and driving our eating habits out of our control.
To help us lose weight and recover our health, Lustig presents personal strategies to readjust the key hormones that regulate hunger, reward, and stress; and societal strategies to improve the health of the next generation. Compelling, controversial, and completely based in science, Fat Chance debunks the widely held notion to prove "a calorie is NOT a calorie", and takes that science to its logical conclusion to improve health worldwide.
©2012 Robert H. Lustig (P)2012 Penguin Audio
I love this book; I hate this book.
I love the "sugar is bad for you metabolically" story, how the conventional wisdom of a-calorie-is-a-calorie is bunk, how Ancel Keys and the lipid hypothesis is bunk, how hormones matter in understanding why we are where we are. As an expert in the field, Lustig's viewpoint gives us valid information upon how to get control over our bodies, and to shape future research. I think he's right, but I'm sure further research will illuminate how the body works. After all, Leptin wasn't even discovered until 1994, not even 20 years ago. I wish he'd look deeper in to the anti-nutrients present in all grain, but nonetheless, the fructose story is compelling.
But then Lustig the doctor becomes Lustig the amateur Economist/public policy wizard, but his lack of expertise won't stop him from how to diagnose and fix the problem through intervention. The Hippocratic oath statement of "never do harm" to anyone doesn't apply to Lustig's viewpoint of hold government guns, restrict people's choices, and rearrange all economic forces to fix a health problem. 1) Does this intervention "cause harm"? How would Lustig know? 2) Would it be effective?
Lustig is way out of his expertise realm here, but no matter; he's writing a prescription. Force the people who don't agree with me to do it my way, because sugar is addictive, and therefore, people aren't really choosing. The philosophical issue of "who owns your body" doesn't matter; Lustig needs to control your body to save the world from Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome. Because some people are addicted, and because the food industry manipulates you into making unhealthy choices. The current government regulatory scheme has been co-opted by the food industry, Lustig recounts, and so his prescription is -- more government action!
Perhaps Lustig could spend more time reading the works of experts on Regulatory Capture, in which the assertion is made that the mere existence of government regulation will always result in capture and dominance by the major players, with small players forced out. Lustig sees the food industry pulling the strings of the FDA (but he fails to talk about big pharma doing so, perhaps too close to challenging his own profession), and how politics runs our agricultural policy and shapes the food pyramid, as dominated by the biggest Agricultural interests. He talks about how the McGovern led commission on Nutrition and Human Needs manipulated us into believing Ancel Keys, and how we were completely duped. Instead of removing these harmful toxins from our lives, he asks for more. Who writes the regulations? Either current or former "experts" from the regulated industry. Lustig diagnoses the financial crisis in a one-sentence assertion, but didn't say the "prescription" to fix it, Dodd-Frank, was written by members of the industry.
Special interests are in control, so, what we need is the *right* special interests, different special interests, those influenced by Lustig, not those influenced by Keys. Does he have research to back this assertion? If he does, he doesn't show it. Oh, he cherry-picks some questionable anecdotes in order to get us to believe his model works. His choices are alcohol and tobacco, government intervention works here. It does? Here, Lustig appeals to our emotions, as politicians do. It's a way to get your cortisol working, so your Amygdala overwhelms the neocortex. It's how politics works. It's hormonal manipulation, and it's very addictive. In the economic realm, if I manipulate you, you may make choices you regret, but I have to repeat that for each and every choice. In the political realm, if I can manipulate 51% of those who vote to take away the choices of the 49%, then my guy gets to keep taking away the choices from the minority. One manipulation, many lasting effects, all enforced with government guns. Disobey, and go to jail. So more jail equals less obesity. Regulation *is* sugar; we need to lower it in our diets, but like Ancel Keys, we're off chasing the symptoms of special interests floating around the capital like small dense LDL. How they got here, says Lustig, is greed (a newly discovered substance) and Lustig prescribes a pill to drive them away.
Lustig is addicted to political power, he sees its ill effects, but he cannot help himself, he wants more. He doesn't understand the complex inter-workings of billions of people making simultaneous decisions, but no matter, if he can use the drug on you, and mobilize you to action, you and he can control the rest of people and make the world a better place. How many people have tried this? Has it worked? Did it "do no harm"? By Lustig's own examples in just the US context, it has failed. But as an economic quack, Lustig repeats the safe conventional wisdom, which is to clamp down, through force, on those who disagree. Writing more prescriptions for interventions, except we don't examine the patients, only the macro population, and then, completely misinterpret the data to suit our story.
So listen to the first half that challenges conventional wisdom with a provocative new viewpoint, and throw away the half that says conventional wisdom, bigger government, solves the problem.
If you want to understand what you can do to better your diet and lose weight! Great reference, doesn't have all the answers but very real! I'm a DC and Dr. Lustig is very dead on with his topic in this book!
I liked the style in which data about obesity was presented. Reading about this topic I already knew about the importance of Low Carb diets. I for some reason did not fully realize the role of Fiber. I think the author makes reasonable recommendations. Eat food rich in Fiber and Low in Sugar. If you are already obese, make it a low carbohydrate diet. Coupled with regular exercise this regimen is something that is possible to adopt as a life style.
The other book I would compare it against is "Why We Get Fat". I think that book opened my eyes to the tremendous damage being done by Low Fat High Carbohydrate Diets which are lacking in Fiber.
Yes, when the author talks about the health of today's children when they are 50 years old. It is very discouraging and prompts you take ameliorative actions
This book was a little tedious at times, but that's why I chose the audio version. It has great facts and information, and helps us understand why we do what we do. Here's to a better future!
Plenty of books have laid out the grave flaws with popular nutritional thinking, and the agendized hucksters of the "No Fat, High Carbs (sugar)" diets. It's not fat or cholesterol that are making you fat, sick, and tired, it's sugar. This book lays out in devastating detail, what sugar and the processed food that you eat is doing to you, and how you're damn near helpless you are to stop it. You might as well face it, you're addicted to processed food and all the sugar it contains.
In case after case, Dr. Robert Lustig documents the factors that demonstrate the addictive power of sugar. He clearly lays out how the body's response to ever increasing doses of sugar change to make you feel that you need more. The myth that "A calorie is a calorie" also is put out of its erroneous misery in Dr. Lustig's analysis. A medium pear has 102 calories, while a homemade chocolate chip cookie has only 78. But the calories from the pear come with the secret that changes completely how sugar is processed in the body.
That secret is FIBER. The more fiber in the food item, the less negative effects its sugar has on your body. But fiber is destroyed as the original food ingredients are processed into bagged and boxed products. The longer the shelf-life, the more highly processed the product. Higher processing almost always translates to more added sugar and lower overall nutritional value. Dr. Lustig takes you on a tour of food labels, their hidden information, and the steps you MUST take if you want a chance to escape the sugar addiction and its virtually inevitable path to disease.
Death to sugar!
J'ai bien aimé l'information que contiens ce livre, il explique clairement pourquoi aujourd'hui la majorité des gens ont un problème de surpoid et comment s'en sortir. Beaucoup de termes scientifique par contre ils ont vulgarisés et bien expliqués. Certains chapitres sont un peu long où il parle de stratégie pour faire pression sur no gouvernements.
Je vous le recommande si vous voulez comprendre comment nous accumulons du poid et ce que vous pouvez faire pour le perdre définitivement sans l'achat de gaget miracle.
I learned so much about nutrition that I didn't know I didn't know. I think this book is a must read for all Americans and probably a good one for everyone else in the world too
As a physician, I am always looking for accurate and concise information to give my patients. This is by far, the best summary of all the studies of weight gain and loss as related to our diets that I have ever seen. He presents the data without bias and is thorough in showing both sides of all the issues in the great nutritional debate. The narrator was easy and pleasant to listen to and I felt like I could recommend this book to people of all education levels.
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