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John Quincy Adams | [Harlow Giles Unger]

John Quincy Adams

He fought for Washington, served with Lincoln, witnessed Bunker Hill, and sounded the clarion against slavery on the eve of the Civil War. He negotiated an end to the War of 1812, engineered the annexation of Florida, and won the Supreme Court decision that freed the African captives of La Amistad. He served his nation as minister to six countries, secretary of state, senator, congressman, and president. John Quincy Adams was all of these things and more. In this masterful biography, award-winning author Harlow Giles Unger reveals Adams as a towering figure in the nation’s formative years.
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Publisher's Summary

He fought for Washington, served with Lincoln, witnessed Bunker Hill, and sounded the clarion against slavery on the eve of the Civil War. He negotiated an end to the War of 1812, engineered the annexation of Florida, and won the Supreme Court decision that freed the African captives of La Amistad. He served his nation as minister to six countries, secretary of state, senator, congressman, and president.

John Quincy Adams was all of these things and more. In this masterful biography, award-winning author Harlow Giles Unger reveals Adams as a towering figure in the nation’s formative years and one of the most courageous figures in American history - which is why he ranked first in John F. Kennedy’s Pulitzer Prize-winning Profiles in Courage.

A magisterial biography and a sweeping panorama of American history from the Washington to Lincoln eras, Unger’s John Quincy Adams follows one of America’s most important yet least known figures.

Harlow Giles Unger, a former distinguished visiting fellow in American history at George Washington’s Mount Vernon, is a veteran journalist, broadcaster, educator, and historian. He is the author of 20 books, including several biographies of America’s Founding Fathers. He has also authored histories of the early Republic as well as numerous books on American education. He lives in New York.

©2012 Harlow Giles Unger (P)2012 Blackstone Audio, Inc.

What the Critics Say

"[Unger] eloquently details the diplomatic headaches caused by both the infamous XYZ Affair and ever-changing Gallic governments. Spare prose clarifies the overview of political complications and intricate family dynamics, revealing Adams as a historically overlooked yet key transitional figure who witnessed the birth of the nation and endured its nearly irreparable geographic squabbles of the 1840s." (Publishers Weekly)

"A neglected president receives his due as a statesman and practical politician.… A fine examination of a life, well deserving a place alongside David McCullough’s study of Adams père." (Kirkus Reviews)

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  •  
    Gotta Tellya Santa Rosa, CA 08-20-14
    Gotta Tellya Santa Rosa, CA 08-20-14 Member Since 2013

    KEC

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    "Informative and well written."
    Would you listen to John Quincy Adams again? Why?

    Yes, to further absorb the facts of Adams' life.


    What did you like best about this story?

    I found it fascinating that JQA's main public contributions came after his presidency, during his long years in Congress. It was also interesting to learn how much he contributed to foreign diplomacy during his youth. JQA was an under-appreciated guiding light during the early decades of our country.


    Which scene was your favorite?

    Can't choose. Too many stellar moments in that man's life.


    Was this a book you wanted to listen to all in one sitting?

    No. There's a lot of info in this book, an abundance that requires time to absorb.


    Any additional comments?

    One of my favorite biographies of all time is David McCullough's "John Adams." It is a perfect work on the life of one of our most important founding fathers. I am proud to say that I own that book in print and as an audio book. Both versions are keepers. Unger's bio of JQA is nearly as good. Beyond the excellent writing, the best part is that Adams the younger is just as fascinating as his father, though entirely unique as a person--definitely no clone of his famous dad. I will listen to this audio book again, and with pleasure. The narration by Johnny Heller is very well done.

    16 of 16 people found this review helpful
  •  
    Murphy 02-02-15
    Murphy 02-02-15 Member Since 2011
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    "So inspiring!"

    Did I like it? I was so impressed & inspired that I bought a copy of "John Quincy Adams" for my husband, both our sons and my 88 yr old father. This amazing American's life story reads like an exciting adventure novel - he was, as someone noted, a perfect blend of classic virtues, all at work for the good of his country. He had such courage & determination, that even when a mere child of 12, served as secretary for the American diplomat to Russia!! Always striving to learn more in an effort to better serve, promote & protect the America he loved! Great book! Incredible story!!

    11 of 11 people found this review helpful
  •  
    David I. Williams Keithville, LA, United States 04-25-13
    David I. Williams Keithville, LA, United States 04-25-13 Member Since 2007
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    "Well written and enjoyable"

    John Quincy Adams was one of the most fascinating men in the history of the United States. Born the son of John and Abigail Adams he served his nation over a longer period and in more positions that probably anyone else in history. As a young man he watched from a distance as the British and Americans fought around Boston in the opened fights of the War of Independence. He traveled with his father to France as his father worked with Benjamin Franklin at the court of Versailles. At the age of fourteen he traveled as secretary and interpreter to Frances Dana, the first American ambassador to Russia. After returning to France he became a sort of adopted nephew to his father's close friend Thomas Jefferson.

    After graduating from Harvard at the age of 20 he studied law. At the age of 26 George Washington appointed him ambassador to the Netherlands. Three years later at Washington's insistence he was appointed the first Ambassador to Prussia. After Jefferson beat his father in a contentious election Adams resigned and returned him. He served as a Senator from Massachusetts, then as the Ambassador to Russia, then as Ambassador to England. During this time he helped to negotiate the Treaty of Ghent that ended the War of 1812. He serves as James Monroe's Secretary of State and was elected to the Presidency. After losing the next election, Adams quite naturally thought he career over. Two year later he was elected to the US House of Representatives and served as a Congressman for the next fifteen years.

    During his time in the House he fought hard to bring down the gag rule that prevented discussion of the slavery issue. He represented the Amistad prisoners. He also fought hard for internal improvements. Adams was an amazing man and has been largely neglected by history. He deserves to be studied. This accessible biography from Harlow Giles Unger is a great place to start learning about this truly great American.

    17 of 19 people found this review helpful
  •  
    Jean Santa Cruz, CA, United States 08-26-14
    Jean Santa Cruz, CA, United States 08-26-14 Member Since 2015

    I am an avid eclectic reader.

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    "Supremely readable biography"

    Harlow Giles Unger’s new biography of John Quincy Adams is well-written and superbly researched. The book is fast paced and supremely readable while not missing any aspect of JQA’s life. Unger seamlessly weaves the words of Adams into his narrative and Unger’s always solid research augments the story that it seems like JQA helps tell. John Quincy Adams wrote in a diary daily from age 10 to death, this along with the massive correspondence between JQA and his parents John and Abigail Adams, together with the massive amount of reports JQA submitted during his career, Unger put it all together into a fascinating biography. There is so much information in this book it is hard to even highlight the information.

    John and Abigail Adams saw to the education of their first born son and by the time he was ten years old he was fluent in Latin and Greek. He was already well read in Shakespeare and other leading literature of his day. He accompanied his father to Europe when he was 12 years old and spent his teenage years in Europe meeting all the key political, military, authors, philosophers’ people of the day. He became fluent in Greek, Latin, English, French, Dutch, Russian, German, Spanish, and Italian and learned some Swedish. JQA attended Leiden University in the Netherlands and when he returned to Boston he went to Harvard. He “read the law” with a prominent Boston attorney and was admitted to the Bar. JQA was American Ambassador to six European countries, negotiated the peace treaty that ended the War of 1812. Served eight years as Secretary of State, engineered the annexation of Florida, and wrote the core provision of the Monroe Doctrine warning European’s never again to try to colonize the Western World. He also wrote the Constitution of Massachusetts. John Quincy Adams is considered by scholars to be the best diplomat this country has had to date.

    As an attorney JQA defended the African prisoners of the Spanish slave ship Amistad. JQA argued they had been kidnapped and had a legal right to defend themselves and attempt to escape from their kidnappers. Adams successfully defended the case before the Supreme Court. The only unsuccessful period in the long history of JAQ was his presidency. I had learned in school it was because he was unable to relate to the people because he was too educated. Unger points out that JQA angered Andrew Jackson because he though Adams cheated him out of the presidency. Jackson created a new political party called Democrats or Jacksonian Democrats. Unger shows how they deliberately shut the government down so Adams was unable to have bills passed or appointments made. The only major accomplishment was he almost cleared the federal debt.

    JQA is the only former President that went on to serve in Congress. JQA belonged to no political party. He served 16 years as the representative from Massachusetts. When in Congress JQA defended Supreme Court Justice Samuel Chase in his impeachment trial. Chase was accused of sedition and treason (high crimes and misdemeanors). Adams argued that the charges brought against Chase were indictable criminal acts—not political statements. He said “This is a party prosecution”. Adams defense of Chase proved the earliest significant defense of the first amendment. John Quincy obtained an acquittal of Chase and prevented an American President (Jefferson) from criminalizing political dissent. JQA ensured the founding of the Smithsonian Institution, from an endowment from a British Lord. He protected the principal and the institution can use the interest. He spurred the construction of a net work of astronomical observatories across the nation. Adams risked death by championing abolition and emancipation as a congressman.

    John Quince Adams married Louisa Catherine Johnson, the daughter of an American diplomat/merchant and an English mother. She was born in London. They were married at the church of “All Hallows by the tower” in London. Louisa is the only first lady not to be born in the United States. In 1878 John Quincy Adam’s youngest son, Charles Frances Adams built the first memorial presidential library in the U.S. to honor his father. The library is located in Quincy Ma.

    On the personal side I noted JQA suffered from bouts of depression throughout his life. Louisa had many miscarriages and suffered from migraine headaches. I noted she had bouts of depression starting when they lived in the White House. Apparently alcoholism ran in the family from Abigail’s side of the family. JQA brother’s died of it as did one of his sons. One son “read the law” with Daniel Webster. One of the things I observed in the book was both John Q and Louisa were prodigious readers and preferred to stay home and read. I noticed Unger pointed out that reading was considered a method of education in those days. I found this to be a most enjoyable book I learned so much from it about Adams, his family and general history of the time. Unger is a noted historian and an excellent writer. Johnny Heller did a good job narrating the book.

    21 of 25 people found this review helpful
  •  
    Amazon Customer Murfreesboro, TN, United States 09-10-12
    Amazon Customer Murfreesboro, TN, United States 09-10-12 Member Since 2013
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    "An interesting first look"

    John Q Adams was the last of a generation. I know he wasn't part of the founding generation but with the impact his parents and family friends like Jefferson left on him he may as well have been . He fought as a senator, diplomat, secretary of state, president, and member of the house of representatives for what he felt were the best national interest, largely regardless of party.

    As for the book itself it was very uneven the author spent what seemed like large amounts of time describing how Adams would get somewhere and then just give very basic overview of what he did when there. The book seems to lack balance, the author seems to brush of criticism of Adams by simply saying but Adams did what he felt was right. this gives one a good look at one point of view but left me wondering what the other side thought, simply because they were dismissed in about one line. All in all the book is good but I take what was said with a large grain of salt.

    The Narration of the book is okay, nothing to write home about. One thing that got to me was the pronunciation of some French words was awful. I realize being able to speak French my ear can pick these things up more easily but one would think given the role French played in the subject's life that more of an effort might have been made

    20 of 26 people found this review helpful
  •  
    Mrs. Debra E. Humm-bremser Pacific Grove, CA 02-25-15
    Mrs. Debra E. Humm-bremser Pacific Grove, CA 02-25-15 Member Since 2013

    I decided to use my time being laid up to get smarter! In 18 months I've listened to over 200 books, mostly history, literature & biography.

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    "Imagine a life's LOWpoint being POTUS - that's JQ"

    Biography is almost a religious experience for me. This one blew me away because John Quincy usually basks in his father's reflected glory. I started keeping track of his achievements and here are a few:
    * Bunker Hill witness at age 7
    * Multilingual diplomat
    * Czar Alexander's favorite
    * Secretary of State during War of 1812, Florida Annexation, Monroe Doctrine, and he preserved our border with Canada
    * Resisted a political party affiliation
    * 1st President to be photographed, to cut his hair short, and to wear his pants long
    * Became Abolitionist as he matured, beginning with the Missouri Compromise
    * Opposed Texas Annexation because of its slave status
    * Lincoln used his words as the basis for the Emancipation Proclamation
    * Amistad defense lawyer
    * Predicted the Civil War
    * Died on the floor of Congress

    His "Lighthouses in the sky" interest lead to his endowment of astronomy
    Helped protect the funds endowed for the Smithsonian

    His massive diary, kept from age 11 on, is used as a first hand source for historians.

    1 of 1 people found this review helpful
  •  
    Cynthia Monrovia, California, United States 03-06-15
    Cynthia Monrovia, California, United States 03-06-15 Member Since 2012

    Audible listener who's grateful for a long commute!

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    "Better as a Former President"

    Some U.S. Presidents make much, much, better former presidents. Jimmy Carter, for one. I remember him being president, but all I remember about that was horrible inflation and boycotting the 1980 Olympics. As a former president, he is an adept and respected international negotiator who was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. There's the 10th Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, William Howard Taft, who was instrumental in shaping the modern Court. He was also, against his desire, the 27th President. Add another to that list: John Quincy Adams, who was so politically ineffective in office that he spent hours every day horseback riding, just to kill time. Out of office, the 6th President changed history.

    John Quincy was the oldest son of Founding Father and 2nd President, John Adams and his strong willed wife, Abigail Smith. As a teenager and young adult, John Quincy traveled extensively with his father, eventually speaking half a dozen languages fluently. He attended Harvard - after nearly being derailed by a petty administer who disliked the Adams family - and became a mediocre lawyer. He was rescued from an ignominious life negotiating contacts and litigating property lines by his father, followed by his mentor and friend, Thomas Jefferson. John Quincy, as Secretary of State to James Monroe, was the architect of the Monroe Doctrine.

    After his ineffective presidency from 1825 to 1829, he brilliantly defended the 35 slaves of the Amistad who revolted. John Quincy's friends and neighbors elected him to Congress where he served successfully for 18 years. He was ardently and eloquently anti-slavery and helped lay the foundation for what became the Emancipation Proclamation.

    Harlow Unger's "John Quincy Adams" (2012) is a nice follow up to to David McCullough's 2002 "John Adams." McCullough's book won the Pulitzer, but to be fair to Unger, John and Abigail Adams were prolific writers. John Quincy kept a journal for 68 tumultuous years, but his wife, Louisa Catherine Johnson Adams, was not the prolific correspondent Abigail was. I do plan to listen to more of Unger's books - he's written dozens of books and they look intriguing.

    Johnny Heller narrates, and he is - as always - a kick. He did two recent non-fiction narrations I really enjoyed - Bill Wasik and Monica Murphy's "Rabid: A Cultural History of the World's Most Diabolical Virus" (2012); and the amusing "You Might be a Zombie and Other Bad News" (2011), which was written by an author that Audible has asked me not to disclose in this review.

    [If this review helped, please press YES. Thanks!]

    4 of 6 people found this review helpful
  •  
    J. Mcferran Corydon, IN 03-30-15
    J. Mcferran Corydon, IN 03-30-15 Member Since 2014
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    "History that is NOT boring!"

    I THOROUGHLY enjoyed this biography. I purchased it because of its good reviews, and because I have been trying to flesh out my historical education a bit. So, this book was supposed to be the healthy vegetable part of my listening menu. I admit that when I loaded up my iPod with a whole cart-load of new books, I kept skipping over this one - I ate every morsel on the plate before all that was left were those Brussel sprouts. (I mean, don't tell anyone, but this is a biography about a long dead president whose life must have been dry as dust since I could not remember one single fact about him from our high school history books...right?) No, not right. Turns out, Brussel sprouts aren't half bad!

    While I know there are those, my husband included, who avidly ingest (and have the historical knowledge and background to understand and place in context) any and all historical work, when given a choice, I prefer literary fiction. As such, understand that my opinion is based largely upon my enjoyment of the book from a literary perspective - I am not an historian. I cannot speak to the historical accuracy or degree of bias presented in this book. Though the book does seem to be well-supported and cites plenty of original material, I realize that a spin can always be spun. I am not inclined to doubt that this book presents an accurate and open minded history of John Quincy Adams, but I don't come close to having a broad enough knowledge base of the period to defend that inclination. The good news is that I found this book so interesting that it has inspired me to read more about the history of this period, about John Quincy Adams' contemporaries, and about the social and political climate/issues/arguments of that time.

    There was so much more to John Quincy Adams than I would ever have imagined, given his relative obscurity. And, while this biography might only be considered a healthy introduction to his life - it seems to have conveyed the essential events and aspects of his character and intellect sufficiently enough for a good understanding of the man, his life and his contribution to our developing nation. I now have a very great appreciation for his work, his dedication, his erudition and his development as a reluctant 'politician.' I felt a great kinship for the way his mind worked and his conviction of belief - and felt both sympathy and admiration for the duality of his need to serve his country and his reluctance to participate in the kind of political maneuverings that serving in public office, unfortunately, demands. His absolute dedication to the constitution, his logical arguments and foresight, his resilience and his stubborn refusal to be cowed by the petty bullying and stonewalling of his political competitors made him a great hero in my eyes. He was definitely a key player in American History - and not just a name, not just a president who came and went and left no mark. Thank you, Mr. Unger, for bringing him to my attention!

    On a final note, I must mention the narration, which I thought was absolutely perfect - totally well matched to the book. I am VERY picky about narrators - and I thought Johnny Heller did a great job with this - well modulated and paced, great tone, subtle inflection, plausible....all things good!

    0 of 0 people found this review helpful
  •  
    Amazon Customer 03-27-15 Member Since 2013
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    "Fantastic book about a fantastic man!"

    Great narratuve, great performance and fantastic story about a man, before I listen to this, didn't know hardly nothing about!

    0 of 0 people found this review helpful
  •  
    J. Johnson 03-25-15
    J. Johnson 03-25-15
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    "Beautiful Story"

    I never heard anything about John Q Adams in my school career but his name. That's a travesty. His indomitable fight for the freedom of a justice for others just floored me. Hearing this story, he's now become a hero to me.

    0 of 0 people found this review helpful
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